When we use Second conditional
- Second conditional
- We use Second conditional for HYPOTHETICAL PRESENT situations. We say what we would do IF SOMETHING IMPOSSIBLE HAPPENED IN THE PRESENT.
An example of second conditional use in context.
Dick has a toothache so he has to go to the dentist.
How we form second conditional
If + past simple, would/could + verb.
Other examples of second conditional use in a sentence
- If I had a lot of money, I would buy a new car.
- She could be a model if she weren’t so short.
- If we weren’t friends. I wouldn’t lend you my car.
Second conditional used with “If I were“
Normally we say “I was”, “she was”, “he was” and “it was” but in second conditional we use “If I were..”, “If she were…”, “If he were…”, “If it were…”. Especially with the person “I” we must use “If I were”. “He”, “she”, “it” are optional (we can say “If she was” or “If she were”).